46th Foundation Day of Central Pollution Control Board

The government organised a webinar to commemorate 46th foundation day of Central Pollution Control Board on September 23, 2020.

About Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)

  • It is a statutory organisation under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  • It was constituted in September, 1974
  • It entrusts powers and functions Under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  • It provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  • It is a technical wing of the Government for doing the environmental research, monitoring and regulation it and to enforce in the country.

Functions of CPCB

Some of the functions include: 

  1. To promote cleanliness in States by prevention and control of water pollution
  2. To improve the air quality and to prevent and control air pollution.
  3. To set sector specific standards for pollutions.
  4. To do real time surveillance of industries.
  5. To conduct river basin studies to take remedial actions on river pollution.
  6. To establish extensive monitoring network and data management for public dissemination
  7. To set national air quality standards and
  8. To fix water quality criteria.


The Central Pollution Control Board collects real time data on pollution which thus acts as a key policy input for the concerned agencies to improve air quality. Data provided by the board is crucial to tackle the problem of environmental degradation because of rapid industrialization and population growth. The board is continuously working towards re-defining the pollution control technologies and management strategies.