ABHYAS : Flight test conducted by India

Defence Research and Development Organization conducted a successful flight test of ABHYAS- High speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) vehicle at the Balasore test range in Odisha on September 22, 2020. While testing,  the vehicle achieved 5 km of flying altitude, 2g turn capability of test vehicle and vehicle speed of 0.5 mach. The project costs Rs 150 million.


  • It is an air vehicle that uses twin underslung boosters.
  • It was developed by adopting DRDO’s Lakshya which is a high-speed target drone system developed by DRDO.
  • The vehicle was designed and developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment of DRDO.
  • It is powered by a small gas turbine and has MEMS based Inertial Navigation System.
  • It contains a Flight Control Computer for control and guidance.
  • The ABHYAS was launched first in Chitradurga Aeronautical Testing Range in 2012.

Treaties on Missile Testing

Though, there are no legally binding multilateral instrument to deals with issues of missile under United Nations. However, Hague Code of Conduct and Missile Technology Control Regime are two multilateral treaties  to prevent proliferation of missiles and missiles related technology

1. Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)

The MTCR was established in 1987 by G-7 countries. The purpose of MTCR was to check on the proliferation of unmanned delivery system of nuclear weapons that can carry payload up to 500 kg and can cover 300 km of range. Under MTCR, every member establish the  national export control policy on ballistic missiles, rocket, space launc vehicles, unmanned aerial vehicles. India got membership of MTCR in 2016.

2. Hague Code of Conduct

The Hague code of conduct was established in 2002. It is aimed at regulating access to ballistic missiles. It does not ban using the missiles , but  only restricts its production. The codes also do not restrict the  testing and export of missiles.