Administrative Changes in the First Half of the�19th��Century

From the year 1806 the Company trained its young recruits�in Haileybury College near London. Earlier the Fort William�College had been founded in Calcutta on�24th��Nov. 1800, where�the civil servants received training in literature, science and�languages in India. Appointments were still organised on a�system of patronage in the hands of the court of Directors who�were free to nominate their sons and nephews for the services,�but after 1833 the Company selected amongst its nominated�candidates by competitive examinations. This however was a�very limited competition and could be termed as nominationcum-competition for recruitment.�However after 1853, selection was entirely on merit and�the examination was thrown open to any British candidate.�The examination system was influenced by the Chinese model,�which had worked well for 2,000 years and had a similar�emphasis on classical learning and literary competence. The�Indian civil service was therefore able to secure high-calibre�people because

(a) It was very highly paid

(b) It enjoyed political power which no official could have�possessed in England

Subsequently the college at Hailybury was abolished�in 1858 and the competitive examinations became the�sole responsibility of the Civil Service Commission. This�competitive examination was to be held annually in England�and it was, therefore, virtually impossible for an Indian to�compete in it.

Written by princy

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