Administrative Changes in the First Half of theï¿½19thï¿½ï¿½Century
From the year 1806 the Company trained its young recruitsï¿½in Haileybury College near London. Earlier the Fort Williamï¿½College had been founded in Calcutta onï¿½24thï¿½ï¿½Nov. 1800, whereï¿½the civil servants received training in literature, science andï¿½languages in India. Appointments were still organised on aï¿½system of patronage in the hands of the court of Directors whoï¿½were free to nominate their sons and nephews for the services,ï¿½but after 1833 the Company selected amongst its nominatedï¿½candidates by competitive examinations. This however was aï¿½very limited competition and could be termed as nominationcum-competition for recruitment.ï¿½However after 1853, selection was entirely on merit andï¿½the examination was thrown open to any British candidate.ï¿½The examination system was influenced by the Chinese model,ï¿½which had worked well for 2,000 years and had a similarï¿½emphasis on classical learning and literary competence. Theï¿½Indian civil service was therefore able to secure high-calibreï¿½people because
(a) It was very highly paid
(b) It enjoyed political power which no official could haveï¿½possessed in England
Subsequently the college at Hailybury was abolishedï¿½in 1858 and the competitive examinations became theï¿½sole responsibility of the Civil Service Commission. Thisï¿½competitive examination was to be held annually in Englandï¿½and it was, therefore, virtually impossible for an Indian toï¿½compete in it.
Written by princy