African swine fever
The African swine fever (ASF) is a viral disease that causes acute haemorrhagic fever in wild and domestic pigs. Its case fatality rate is nearly a 100 per cent. The viral infection is transmitted through direct contact with the infected or wild pig, indirect contact through ingestion materials like food or through biological vectors like ticks.
The outbreak results in culling of a large number of pigs in the affected regions. Although the disease was first reported a century ago, India does not have past experience with the ASF. Last year?s outbreak was the first. The cases were first reported in Arunachal Pradesh and later in Assam.
Written by IAS POINT