The government recently released the annual Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) report. This report has been released showing data for the period from July 2020 to June 2021.
What did the report highlight?
- The report has highlighted that the unemployment rate of the country came down from 4.8 per in 2019-20 to 4.2 per cent in July 2020-June 2021.
- In 2018-19, India’s unemployment rate stood at 5.8 per cent.
- In 2017-18, the country’s unemployment rate stood at while 6.1 per cent.
- The rate of joblessness has gone down steadily for four years till 2020-21.
- The country’s unemployment rate for the male population has come down to 4.5 per cent in 2020-21. In the earlier years, it was 5.1 per cent (2019-20), 6 per cent (2018-19), and 6.2 per cent (2017-18).
- For the female population, the unemployment rate came down to 3.5 per cent in 2020-21. Earlier it stood at 4.2 per cent (2019-20).
What does the report say about Worker Population Ratio? (WPR)
It stands for the percentage of persons who are employed per 1000 population. The PLFS has highlighted that the country’s WPR went up to 39.8 per cent in 2020-21 whereas in 2019-20 it stood at 38.2 per cent. The WPR for males and females were:
- Males:9 per cent in 2020-21. In 2019-20 it was 53.9 per cent.
- Females: Stood at 24.2 per cent (2020-21). In 2019-20 it was 21.8 per cent.
What does the report say about Labour Force Participation Rate? (LFPR)
This means the percentage of persons who are of the working-age and are in the country’s labour force. The report highlighted that the LFPR has also gone up to 41.6 per cent (2020-21) while in 2019-20 it was 40.1 per cent. The LFPR for males and females were:
- Males: In 2020-21 it was 57.5 per cent. In 2019-20 it stood at 56.8 per cent.
- Females: In 2020-21 it stood at 25.1 per cent.
When was the PLFS discontinued?
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation stated that the PLFS had to be halted on 18th March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Its work was continued again from June 2020.