As one of the Recommendations of the NEP 2020, discuss the rationale behind the internationalization of higher education in India and its associated challenges.

The NEP 2020 has set ambitious targets for internationalization of Higher Education viz, getting 100 top universities to set up campuses in India, taking Indian universities to set campuses abroad, and forming of National Higher Education Commission of India tasked with achievement of these goals.

The rationale behind the internationalization of Higher Education:

  • Improving Indian education to meet the demands and standards of the international education system.
  • To enable Indian students to remain within the country yet get access to foreign faculty.
  • To meet the demands of an increasing number of foreign national students, who arrived in India for higher education.
  • To fill in the academia-industry mismatch.
  • To enable an atmosphere of competition and collaboration among Indian and foreign universities.
  • To achieve the aim of skilling India’s demographic dividend and improving India’s existing advantage in the service sector.
  • To inculcate an academic culture of entrepreneurship and innovation by taking the best practices of foreign Universities and the education system.

Associated challenges:

  • Commercialization of an already expensive education system.
  • An expensive education system can further build up the existing class divide.
  • Problems of capital and accreditation of colleges and Universities.
  • Excessive westernization might not be able to cater to local requirements.

Only three universities feature in the list of QS top 100. Hence it is essential that India builds a global market standard for education.

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