UPSC Mains Questions 28. Changes in Critical Geographical Features

Discuss India’s vulnerability to flash floods. Suggest measures for better resilience to flash floods. In this context, also briefly highlight the significance of the recently launched Flash Flood Guidance System operated by IMD.

Flash floods refer to heavy inundation caused by factors like rainfall and cloud bursts, etc in a relatively shorter period of time. IMD defines flash floods as 100mm rainfall in ..

Pattern of Indian monsoon has been witnessing changes in recent decades. Examine in the light of recent studies linking the phenomenon to climate change. Discuss the efforts being taken to mitigate the effects of change in monsoon patterns.

Monsoon refers to the seasonal reversal of winds that occurs over the Indian subcontinent and brings along with it rainfall during southwest summer monsoon and northeast winter monsoon. Recent changes ..

Extraction of groundwater in India has reached a level that is threatening the water security in the country. Analyse the guidelines issued by central ground water authority in this regard.

India is the largest user of groundwater in the world (25% of the total). However, the groundwater is declining at a fast pace which is a big reason to worry. ..

In light of various recent studies, discuss how climate change is affecting the jet streams.

Jet streams refer to a narrow band of fast and strong winds moving in the upper atmosphere horizontally, generally flowing from west to east. They play a crucial role in ..

Depletion of water resources in India is both a geo-climatic phenomenon as well as a result of short-sighted government policies. Discuss.

According to World Resources Institute, 54% of Indians face high to extremely high water stress. Further, as per NITI Aayog, 2 lakh people die every year due to a lack ..