UPSC Mains Questions 43. Government Policies and Interventions for Development in Various Sectors

There has been a recent focus of government on the MSME sector and many initiatives have been launched for this sector, however, the MSME sector still suffers from many bottlenecks. In this context, discuss the hurdles, opportunities, and measures for the MSME sector.

MSME sector in India contributes to 30% of GDP & 45% of merchandise exports. Recent steps taken for the development of MSMEs: Same treatment for manufacturing and service sector MSMEs. ..

To solve the problems of housing in rural India, the PM Awas Yojna (Gramin) has been successful to some extent, still, a lot of work needs to be done. Discuss with arguments.

PMAY (Gramin) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development, to achieve the objective of “Housing for all” by 2022. The program provides financial assistance based on SECC (Social Economic ..

Highlight the applications of Rare earth elements. Also discuss its distribution across the world and India’s policy on rare earth elements.

Rare earth elements are a group of 17 metallic elements like 15 lanthanoids and Yttrium, Scandium, etc. These are high-density, pure elements with multiple usages. Industrial applications: They have unique ..

Discuss the challenges associated with rapidly increasing Biomedical waste in India. Also state the key features of the Bio-medical waste management rules 2018.

Biomedical waste is defined as human and animal anatomical waste, treatment apparatus like needles, syringes, and other materials used in health care facilities in the process of treatment and research. ..