Chandragupta Maurya

Greek control over the area along the Indus weakened after the�withdrawal of Alexander and certainly after his death in 323 B.C.�This unstable state of affairs must have provided Chandragupta�Maurya with an opportunity to conquer and annex the�territories of the northern kingdoms. Once established, he�moved into central India and occupied the region north of the�Narmada. But lasting peace was established in the north-west�only by 303 B.C. with a treaty with Seleucus.

Magadha was being ruled by the Nandas at this time. It is�said that Chandragupta began his march towards Magadha by�small scale attacks on outlying villages. This strategy occurred�to him when he saw a woman scolding her child for eating from�the middle of the dish first, which was the hottest portion, rather�than from the edges. Thus once the peripheral regions had been�subdued he could converge on the centre. These conquests were�achieved and consolidated largely through military strength.�Classical sources stress the importance placed by Chandragupta�on the army and mention staggering figures as its total strength.

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