Defence Minister statement on India-China issue in Rajya Sabha

On September 17, 2020, the Defence Minister Shri Rajnath Singh addressed Rajya Sabha. He gave a complete statement on India China issue and answered several questions raised on the current border situation.


The Defence Minister noted that the Chinese actions expressed disrespect to all the previous bilateral agreements.  The amassing of troops by China along the line of actual control violates agreements signed in 1993 and 1996.

Key points of the statement

  • The Chinese are continuing their illegal occupation of around 38,000 square kilometres in the union territory of Ladakh.
  • The Chinese are also claiming approximately 90,000 square kilometre of Indian territory in the state of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • According to the Defence Minister, Pakistan has illegally ceded 5,180 square kilometres of Indian territory in PoK (Pakistan occupied Kashmir) to China. The territory was ceded under the so-called Sino-Pakistan boundary agreement that was signed in 1963.
  • While the Indian forces abide by 1993 and 1996 agreements, the same has not been reciprocated by the Chinese.
  • In the past China has undertaken several infrastructure construction activities in the border areas. In order to counter Chinese actions India too have stepped up the budget of border infrastructure development, double the previous levels.
  • The ongoing 2020 India China conflict is different from those in the past in terms of troops involved and also the number of friction points. India remains committed to peaceful resolution and is also prepared to deal with every possible contingency.

What and Why did India-China issue occur?

The Defence Minister made a detailed statement on what, how and why the current India China issue occurred.  The details are as follows

  • In April 2020, India first noticed the build-up of Chinese Troops and armaments along the border areas of eastern Ladakh.  In May 2020, the Chinese tried to stop Indian patrolling in the Galwan valley.
  • The Chinese army also made several attempts to infringe the line of actual control.  This was mainly in parts of Gogra, Kong La and Pangong Tso lake. The Indian troops detected these transgressions and provided a befitting response. This was the major reason behind the current faceoff between the countries.

1993 Agreement

The 1993 agreement between India and China states that when personnel from either side cross the line of actual control, they shall immediately pull back to their side of the line upon caution from the other side. China has not done this in Galwan Valley and in Pangong tso Lake.

1996 Agreement

  • The 1996 agreement between the countries states that when two sides come face to face due to differences on alignment of line of actual control, they shall exercise self-restraint. They shall take all necessary steps to prevent an escalation of the situation. Also, both the countries shall enter into immediate consultations through available channels and prevent escalation of tension.
  • For the first time, the 1996 agreement made it clear that neither side shall open fire within 2 kilometres of the line of actual control.
  • The Chinese PLA are conducting summer exercises opposite to Ladakh that clearly violates the agreement and threatens India.

2013 Agreement

The 2013 India China border defence cooperation agreement is the latest document on line of actual control. According to the agreement the countries agreed not tell patrols. They also agreed to avoid folding large-scale military exercises nearby the line of actual control.

All the above clauses of the agreements have been violated by China.