Elephant Rescue Centre at Valmiki Tiger Reserve, Bihar: Key Features

Bihar’s forest department has established an elephant rescue centre at the Valmiki Tiger Reserve (VTR) with the aim of rehabilitating abandoned, stray, and injured elephants. This facility is awaiting approval from the central government. The plan of establishing the elephant rescue centre has drawbacks such as the risk of human-animal conflicts.

What are the key features of the Valmiki Tiger Reserve?

  • VTR is located in West Champaran District and is spread over 899 square kilometres, with Uttar Pradesh to its west and Nepal to its north.
  • VTR has the perfect conditions for elephant habitation.
  • Several elephants continue to stray into the reserve from neighbouring Chitwan National Park located in Nepal.
  • The VTR is Bihar’s only tiger reserve and it forms the easternmost limit of the Himalayan Terai forests of India.
  • This forest has a mixture of Terai and Bhabar tracts and is located in the bio-geographic zone of the Gangetic Plains.
  • In the year 1990, the Valmiki National Park was established.
  • The Valmiki National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is India’s 18th Tiger Reserve.
  • In the year 1978, it was designated as a wildlife sanctuary.
  • Valmiki Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park make up the Valmiki Tiger Reserve.
  • The Valmiki National Park is s bisected by two rivers: the Masan and Gandak River.
  • The Gandak River borders the Valmiki wildlife sanctuary on the west.

What flora and fauna are found in the Valmiki National Park?

A diverse range of flora and fauna is found in the Valmiki National Park. The flora includes:

  • dry-bearing Sal forests
  • moisture-bearing Sal forests
  • tropical seasonal swamp forests
  • wet grasslands, etc.

The fauna includes:

  • rhinoceros
  • tiger
  • leopard
  • black bear
  • wild boar
  • wild buffalo
  • leopard cat
  • hyena, etc.

The reptiles include:

  • Cobra
  • Python
  • Krait
  • King cobra
  • Sand boa
  • Crocodiles, etc.

One-horned rhinoceros and Indian bison can be witnessed frequently migrating from Chitwan to Valmikinagar.


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