G20: Global Initiative to reduce Land Degradation and Coral Reef Programme launched

On September 16, 2020, the G20 Environment Ministers Meet was held virtually. India was represented by the Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar at the meet. The meeting was held as a part of Sherpa Track for the G20 Leaders Summit, 2020.

Key Highlights

The Global Initiative on reducing land degradation was launched at the meet. The meeting was held under the following theme

Theme: Realizing opportunities of 21st century for all

The meeting addressed three main agenda under the theme. They are as follows

  • To empower people, create conditions where all the people can live, work and thrive. The grouping is to give special attention on women and youth while implementing this agenda
  • To safeguard the planet through collective efforts and protect global commons
  • To shape new frontiers and adopt long term bold strategies and emerging technologies.

Global Initiative on Reducing Land Degradation

The main aim of the initiative is to strengthen existing frameworks. It will prevent, halt and reverse land degradation within G20 member states. This is be done in the path of achieving Sustainable Development Goals.

The Sustainable Development Goal aims to achieve Land Degradation Neutrality by 2030

Coral Reef Programme

The programme aims to fast track research and development in conserving, restoring coral reefs and protect them from further degradation.

What is Sherpa Track?

Sherpa Track is meetings of ministers. The Sherpa Track mainly focuses on education, agriculture, climate, digital economy, anti-corruption, employment, energy, tourism, health, trade and investment.

India’s stand

India highlighted its National Coastal Mission Programme at the meet

National Coastal Mission Programme

The mission was set up under the National Action Plan in Climate Change. Under the mission, the GoI aims to protect shorelines and communities in the coastal areas. Also, it will address the impacts of climate change on coastal and maritime ecosystems in coastal areas.

Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project

It was launched in 2010 at a cost of Rs 1,400 crores. The project was implemented in Gujarat, West Bengal and Odisha. Under the project the shelter belt plantation, mangrove plantation, coral transplantation, pollution abatement and enhancement of livelihood security were undertaken.