Global Smart City Index 2020
The Institute for Management Development (IMD) along with Singapore University have released the Smart City index for the year 2020 on September 17. The report highlights that the Indian cities have declined in their technological updates.
- Smart City index has ranked 109 cities this year, all across the world.
- It has been prepared by recording perceptions of 120 residents in each City.
- The residents were selected randomly.
- The selected residents were asked questions on technological provisions in five areas including mobility, health and safety, activities, governance and opportunities in their respective cities.
Key findings of the report
- Indian cities have slipped in their rankings.
- Hyderabad has been kept at 85th rank. While in 2019 index city was at 67th position.
- New Delhi dropped to 86th position from 68th in 2019.
- Mumbai slipped from 78th (2019) to 93rd position.
- Bengaluru dropped to 95th from 79th position in 2019.
- Mumbai and Bengaluru face severe road congestion.
- Delhi and Hyderabad lagged on basic amenities.
- Singapore topped the index.
- Helsinki and Zurich are at second and third positions respectively.
- Other cities that ranked under 10 includes,
- 4th- Auckland
- 5th- Oslo
- 6th- Copenhagen
- 7th- Geneva
- 8th- Taipei
- 9th- Amsterdam
- 10th- New York
Why Indian cities have dropped?
The report states that pandemic might have led to the drop in ranking.
Smart City index
Smart City Index is prepared by IMD World Competitiveness Centre, SCO Smart City Observatory and Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD). The index offers a balanced focus on economic and technological aspects of smart cities. It also includes humane dimensions of smart cities including the quality of life, environment and inclusiveness.
Those cities that apply technologies to overcome the shortcomings and enhance the benefits of urbanisation are called as smart cities.