Govt launched National Conservation Strategy for Indian One-Horned Rhino

Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said on the occasion of World Rhino Day that India is home to the largest number of  One-Horned Rhinoceros in the world. The population ranges around 3000 in Assam, West Bengal and UP. On this occasion Environment Ministry has launched a National Conservation Strategy for Indian One-Horned Rhino.

World Rhino Day

World Rhino Day is celebrated on September 22 every year by the World Wildlife Fund and other organisations. It is celebrated to create awareness about the threats that Rhinoceros face  in Asia and Africa region.

Key Facts

  • First World Rhino Day was announced by the World Wildlife Fund, South Africa in 2010.
  • Theme for the Day this year is Five Rhino Species Forever

National Conservation Strategy

The strategy includes conservation of Greater one horned rhinoceros in India as well as in Nepal. The strategy follow the same protocol to manage the population of rhinos in Valmiki Tiger Reserve in India, Shuklaphanta in Nepal and Chitwan National Park in Nepal and Dudhwa that are separated by political boundary.  Further, the conservation initiatives for rhino has also enriched the grassland management thus it will help in reducing the negative impacts of climate change through carbon sequestration.

Rhinos

A rhinoceros commonly called rhino is one of the five extant species of the family Rhinocerotidae (scientific name of rhino) of the Animalia kingdom. Out of 5, 2 are native to Africa, and 3 to Southern Asia.

Rhinos count

The population of one horned Rhinos in the world is 3584. Out of this, India has 2938 and Nepal has 646 rhinos. There are 5 species of Rhinos in total for which IUCN status is listed below:

  1. Javan rhinos:  critically endangered
  2. Sumatran rhinos: critically endangered
  3. Black rhinos: critically endangered
  4. White rhinos: near threatened
  5. Greater one horned rhinos: vulnerable.