Highlights of “Electricity Access in India and Benchmarking Distribution Utilities” report.

The NITI Aayog has released the “Electricity access in India and benchmarking distribution utilities” report on October 28, 2020.

Key Findings

  • The report is based on the survey conducted across 10 states representing 65% of Indian rural population.
  • As per the report, 92% of customers received electricity infrastructure within 50 metres of their premises.
  • It highlights that, 87% of the customers had access to grid-based electricity.
  • 13% population are those who either used non grid sources or did not use electricity.
  • As per the report, majority of the customers that uses non grid sources are from the agricultural sector.
  • Report states that, around 4% of households in India lags the grid-based electricity sources.
  • The number of hours for which electricity is suppled has also improved over time. On an average, India is getting  17 hours of electricity per day.
  • The performance of the Uttar Pradesh was far below the other utilities.
  • Out of total surveyed populations, around 66% were satisfied.
  • The report laud that the improvement in electricity access in the country is the result of the schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana and Deen Dayal Upadhyay gram Jyoti Yojana.

Challenge

The report states that, India is one of the key leaders in providing electricity access. The electricity access rate has doubled in the past 20 years. The percentage of households connected to the electricity grid has increased from 59.4% to 100%. However, India still  faces the challenge of providing reliable and affordable electricity supply.

Way forward

The report asks that, India need to focus on sustainability of electricity access.  It has also suggested to create an action plan to resolve the barriers.