Himalayan Brown Bear: Massive habitat decline predicted by 2050

The Zoological Survey of India in its recent study and report on Himalayan Brown Bear states that the suitable habitat for the brown bear in the biological corridors are declining.


  • The study states that the habitat of Himalayan Brown Bear will decline from 73.38% to 72.87% by 2050.
  • Belts, where the brown bears are inhabited, are getting warmer than the other zones of Himalayas.
  • This decline will impact 13 protected areas. Out of these 13 protected areas, eight will become completely uninhabitable by 2050.
  • The Himalayan Brown Bear was considered for study as it is the top carnivore in the Himalayan region.

About brown bear

The Himalayan Brown Bear is the largest carnivore in the highlands of Himalayas. The brown bear is found in 23 protected areas including Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Jammu and Kashmir. They have been categorised as “Critically Endangered” in the UCN Red list of Threatened Species in Himalayas and Hindukush. However, for rest of the world, it has been categorised into  “Least Concern” category. International trade of  brown bear has been prohibited under wildlife Protection Act of 1972.