Indian Railways: CAG Report

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India submitted its report titled “Assessment and Utilisation of Locomotives and Production and Maintenance of LHB coaches in Indian Railways” on Indian Railways in the Parliament on September 23, 2020.

Findings of the Report

  • As per the report, the number of diesel locos has been increased by 20% between 2012 and 2018.
  • CAG highlighted that there is an increase because the Indian Railway Board failed to assess the requirement of electric locos.
  • This also highlights the lacunae in the implementation of the Mission Electrification and De-Carbonisation  that is being operated under Indian Railways.  As per these directives, railway has planned for 100% electrification by 2022 that later postponed to 2023.
  • According to the report, 46% of new locos failed within 100 days of commissioning because of defective materials used in manufacturing.
  • Half of the electric and diesel locos failed to receive timely maintenance.
  • The CAG report says that accidents data show there is an urgent need to switch over to Linke Hoffmann Busch (LHB ) coaches to ensure safety of passengers.

As per the reply of railway minister, 63% of railway lines have been electrified in the country and 23,765 routes are yet to be electrified. He also said that the vacant land of Railways needs to be utilised in interim period for commercial development of additional financial resources. But the Railways did not have adequate facilities in their workshops for intermediate and periodical overhauling. Reason being this, the production initiative was not able to meet the requirement of coach production.