International Day of Sign Languages is being observed on September 23

International Day of Sign Languages is observed on September 23, 2020 by the United Nations. Theme for the year 2020 is  Sign Languages are for Everyone

Significance of September 23

  • International Day of Sign Languages is observed on September 23 because the World Federation of the Deaf was established on this day.
  • World Federation of the Deaf brought the concept of celebrating International Day of Sign Languages.
  • The first International Day of Sign Languages was celebrated in 2018 along with the International Week of the Deaf.
  • The  International week of the Deaf was was first celebrated in 1958 by World Federation of the Deaf.

World Federation of Deaf data

  • It says, there are more than 72 million deaf people across the world.
  • 80% of the deaf people live in developing countries.
  • These Deaf people uses more than 300 sign languages.

Goals and Convention dealing with Disabilities

1. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Goal 10 of SDG deals with the prevalence of disability in the world. It aims to reduce inequality between the countries by empowering and promoting social, political and economic inclusion for all including the persons with disabilities. Apart from that, Goal 11 of the SDG is aimed at making human settlements and cities inclusive of all, safe and sustainable.

2. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

The convention was adopted in 2006. It recognizes and promotes the use of sign languages and facilitates its learning. The convention has been ratified 177 times so far. It main aims is to end the discrimination against disabled persons.

Steps take by India

India ratified the convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2007.  Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 was enacted after that to fulfil obligations under United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Government also launched the Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan to make public places more accessible to disabled people.