Israeli Parliament Approves Historic Peace Deal With UAE

The unicameral parliament of Israel, the Knesset, approved the historic normalization deal or the peace deal called as the Abraham Accord. with the United Arab Emirates on October 15, 2020. It was initially signed in Washington on September 15, 2020.

Highlights

  • 80 parliamentarians voted in favour of the deal while 13 opposed it.
  • The legislation will now be finally be approved by government.
  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called for peace with Lebanon which is Israel’s neighbor in the north.
  • The two countries had recently launched US-led negotiations to end a long-time dispute over their maritime border.
  • The UAE and Bahrain have become the first Gulf countries to agree upon formulation of official relations with Israel.
  • Earlier, two Arab countries namely Egypt and Jordan had signed peace agreements with Israel. Egypt signed peace deal with Israel in 1979 and Jordan in 1994.

Israel-UAE peace deal

Under the deal, the UAE will establish diplomatic relations with Israel. While in return President Binyamin Netanyahu have committed to give up plan to annex the West Bank. West bank is the main disputed territory that Palestine wants. Israel and the UAE would also be finalising the bilateral ties covering the areas of investment, tourism, the establishment of direct flights, energy, security, telecommunications, healthcare, technology, cultural exchange, environmental issues, and the establishment of embassies. They would also work towards closer people-to-people relations. This peace deal is significant because Israel does not have diplomatic relations with any other Gulf Arab states except Egypt and Jordan.