JCPOA or Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, commonly known as the Iran Nuclear deal, is an agreement signed between Iran and the P5 nations (UK, France, China, Russia and the USA) along with Germany and the EU. It was signed in 2015 in Vienna. Under this deal, Iran agreed to limit its nuclear program in return for relief from economic sanctions. It limited the number of centrifuges that Iran could operate and allowed Iran to use only an older, slower model. Iran also agreed to convert its Fordo enrichment site into a research centre and allowed IAEA inspectors to look at its sites. In 2018, the USA withdrew from the deal. With the election of a new president, the US government is expected to salvage he deal.

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