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The meeting of the regional parties in Jammu and Kashmir which was chaired by National Conference (NC) president Dr. Farooq Abdullah announced the new political grouping ‘People’s Alliance for Gupkar declaration’.
What is Gupkar Declaration
On 4 August 2019, the day before the abolition of the Article 370 and divided the state into two Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) and Ladakh by the union government, political parties of Jammu and Kashmir except BJP had met at the residence of the National Conference (NC) president Dr. Farooq Abdulla. The meeting was called for the safeguard and to defend the identity, autonomy and special status of Jammu and Kashmir. These political parties in this meeting issued a joint statement which was called as ‘Gupkar Declaration’, also called ‘Gupkar Declaration I’.
What is ‘People’s Alliance for Gupkar Declaration’
The parties of J&K meet this year (2020) also, on the occasion of the first anniversary of the Gupkar Declaration and abolition of the Article 370 on August 5. At this occasion, these local political parties have decided to stand together for the restoration of J&K status of full statehood. Recently, these regional mainstream as well as rival political parties of J&k held a meeting in Srinagar and formed an alliance that will be known as ‘People’s Alliance for Gupkar Declaration’. The main initial purpose of this alliance will be to initiate a dialogue process between all the stakeholders and for the restoration of special status of the erstwhile state (J&K).
What is Gupkar Declaration II
On August 22 this year, the leaders from the mainstream political parties held a meeting and signed the Gupkar Declaration II, which says
- To adhere to the Gupkar Declaration I signed in 2019.
- Commitment to fight and strive for the restoration of Article 370 and 35A, the constitution of J&K.
- The restoration of J&K as a full state.
What is Article 370 and 35A
Article 370 (of Indian constitution) gave the special status to Jammu and Kashmir with the authority to possess a separate constitution, a state flag and therefore the autonomy over its internal administration. Under this article J&K was enjoying the special powers and autonomy which no other state had. Article 35A of the Indian constitution conferred the authority to J&K’s legislature to decide and define the permanent residents of J&K, also, provided the special rights and privileges to them. Article 35A was added to the Indian constitution by president order under Article 370. It was one the most criticised law as it defined the privilege to J&K to include the ability to purchase the land and immovable property, ability to vote and contest elections etc and many more benefits. These privileges were enjoyed exclusively by the permanent citizen of the state and not even by Indian citizen in another state.