Kunming Declaration

The Kunming Declaration is a part of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD). At the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of Parties to the UNCBD, the Kunming Declaration was signed by hundred countries. The declaration calls parties to mainstream biodiversity protection. Also, it demands to recognize the importance of protecting human health.

Key Facts for UPSC Examinations

The Kunming Declaration commits to the following:

  • To ensure the development and implementation of 2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. This framework aims to monitor, report, review and reverse the loss of biodiversity. This way, it will make sure that the biodiversity is put on the path to recovery by 2030. Eventually, this will help in realization of United Nation 2050 vision of “Living in Harmony”.
  • To support the implementation of Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. It will support the post-2020 implementation plan of the protocol.
  • To work across various governments to promote sustainable bio-diversity. This is to be achieved by integrating multiple values of biodiversity into regulations, policies, poverty reduction strategies.
  • To accelerate the development of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans.
  • To ensure the implementation of Global Biodiversity Framework at national level
  • To improve conservation by establishing protected areas
  • To adopt conservation measures to protect genetic diversity, to recognize rights of indigenous people, to eliminate threats to biodiversity and to ensure the full participation of the local communities.
  • To strengthen sustainable use of biodiversity
  • To enhance global environmental legal framework
  • To strengthen the environmental laws at national level
  • To step up the efforts of Nagoya Protocol
  • To increase financial capacity building of developing countries to implement Global Biodiversity Framework
  • To increase public awareness tools on biodiversity
  • To enhance collaboration with multilateral environmental agreements such as United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and other biodiversity related conventions

About the Declaration

The theme of the declaration is “Ecological Civilization: Building a Shared Future for All Life on Earth”. The signatory nations should ensure that their post pandemic policies contribute to the sustainable use of biodiversity. The declaration is to be submitted to the 2022 High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development.

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