Local bodies play a very important role in various phases of Disaster management. Discuss.
Disaster management involves various steps pertaining to things to be done pre and post-disaster. The role of communities is essential at every stage of the disaster management cycle. Local bodies and local communities play a crucial role in various phases of DM.
- Mapping and documenting the locations of disasters, time & duration, impact, and vulnerability, etc.
- Mitigation and Preparedness – It involves short-term and long-term planning, suggesting measures to reduce socio-economic vulnerability. Local communities have expertise in building traditional and disaster-resilient infrastructure like Dhajji Dewari, Upraised houses, etc.
- Communication and coordination during the disaster phase.
- Relief operations during and after the disaster occurrence.
- Volunteer to assist the administration.
- Long-term relief and build-back measures like livelihood creation and recovery (both social and economic) etc.
Hence community-led disaster management planning at the local bodies level can give real-time results both in planning and implementation. During the COVID pandemic, the role of local bodies in helping the administration was very actively visible, like:
- Setting up quarantine camps
- Vaccine availability
- Awareness generation
- Providing food and water security
- Retaining youth and immigrants in local jobs
- Sustaining on limited resources, etc.
Hence, decentralized planning and coordinated efforts can help reduce the fatalities caused by the disaster and its aftermath.