National Medical Commission Became Operational Today

The National Medical Commission (NMC) has come into existence from September 25, 2020. It has replaced the Medical Council of India (MCI), as the country’s apex regulator of medical education and profession.

National Medical Commission (NMC)

  • NMC is an Indian regulatory body having 33 members.
  • It was earlier established for 6 months by an ordinance in January 2019.
  • Later it  became a permanent law passed by Parliament of India.
  • It was  approved by President of India on 8 August 2019.


The NMC will consist of 33 members:

  1. A Chairperson who shall be a medical professional.
  2. 10 ex officio Members and
  3. 22 Part-time Members

Functions of NMC

Main Functions of the NMC are:

  1. To lay down the policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals.
  2. To assess the requirements of human resources and infrastructure in healthcare.
  3. To ensure the compliance by the State Medical Councils.
  4. To frame guidelines in order to determine the fee for 50% of the seats in the private medical institutions.


The NITI Aayog had recommended to replace the Medical Council of India with National Medical Commission. National Medical Commission ordinance replaced the Medical Council of India in 2019.The Supreme Court of India also allowed the Central Government to replace the medical council. The planning commission had also recommended to replace the Medical Council of India with National Medical Commission.

Medical Council of India (MCI)

It was a statutory body that was set up to establish uniform and high standards of medical education in India. The Medical Council of India was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933.  As the NMC is operational now, MCI automatically got dissolved on 25th September, 2020.