Pattern of Indian monsoon has been witnessing changes in recent decades. Examine in the light of recent studies linking the phenomenon to climate change. Discuss the efforts being taken to mitigate the effects of change in monsoon patterns. – IASPOINT

Pattern of Indian monsoon has been witnessing changes in recent decades. Examine in the light of recent studies linking the phenomenon to climate change. Discuss the efforts being taken to mitigate the effects of change in monsoon patterns.

Monsoon refers to the seasonal reversal of winds that occurs over the Indian subcontinent and brings along with it rainfall during southwest summer monsoon and northeast winter monsoon.

Recent changes in monsoon pattern due to climate change:

Mitigation efforts:

The recently brought out “Vulnerability Index” for every district by the ministry of earth sciences brings out vulnerability due to climate-linked hazards. Accordingly, state and community coordinated efforts must be put in place to reduce rainfall dependence on agriculture and resort to nature-based solutions.

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