Slave Dynasty (1206-1290 A.D.)

Qutb-ud-din Aibak (1206-1210)

The first sultan of the dynasty�was Qutb-ud-din Aibak. He was a general of Muhammad�Ghori and ruled over the territories conquered by Ghori in�India. After Ghori’s death, Qutb-ud-din began to rule as an�independent king.

Qutb-ud-din was a kind-hearted and generous man. Due�to his generosity, he was called ‘lakh baksh’ or giver of lakhs. He�built the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi and started the�construction of the Qutub Minar.

Iltutmish (1211-1236 A.D.)

Qutb-ud-din Aibak was succeeded by Iltutmish. He is�considered the real founder of the Sultanate. He faced many�problems but dealt with them strongly. He suppressed many�internal rebellions. He also consolidated his position in the�north-west. In the east, he extended his empire up to Bengal.�He also completed the Qutub Minar.

Iltutmish had many sons. However, he considered none of�them capable enough of governing the Sultanate. He decided�that his daughter Raziya would succeed him. The nobles were�unhappy with the decision. After the death of Iltutmish, they�placed Rukh-nud-din Firoz Shah, a son of Iltutmish, on the�throne. Rukh-nud-din, however failed to manage the affairs of�the kingdom. Within months he was deposed by Raziya.

Raziya Sultan (1236-1240 A.D.)

Raziya’s reign was short and full of problems. The nobles opposed�her as she tried to reduce their power and began taking major�decisions without consulting them. They revolted against her.�She was deposed in the year 1240 A.D. and died soon afterwards.

After the death of Raziya and till the accession of Balban,�several kings came to the throne. Of these, Nasir-ud-din�Mahmud ruled for a long time, from 1246 to 1266 A.D. None�of the rulers, however, could provide stability to the empire. All�these kings were puppets in the hands of powerful nobles.

Ghiyas-ud-din Balban (1266-1286 A.D.)

Balban was the most powerful ruler of the dynasty. He�reorganised and strengthened the army. He fought against the�local rulers and defeated many of them. He also fortified the�north western borders against Mongol raids.

Balban made the sultan’s position supreme. He introduced�the Persian custom of sijdah or prostration before the sultan and�paibos or kissing the feet of the sultan. The orthodox Muslims�opposed this as according to them, a human being should�prostate only before God.

Balban was succeeded by very weak kings. In 1290, the rule�of slave dynasty ended and the throne of Delhi passed into the�hands of Khaljis.

Written by princy

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply