SRS Data, India’s Life Expectancy Rose to 69.7: Important Points
Recently, the Abridged Life Tables report has been issued by the sample registration system (SRS). This report focuses on the years 2015 to 2019. The report has stated that the life expectancy of the country at birth has touched 69.7.
What is the Abridged Life Tables Report about?
This report portrays the life tables of the country and its states and UTs. The function of a life table is to summarize the mortality rate of a population for a particular time period during which this study is conducted. The study highlights the odds of survival and death of a group at various ages.
What is the sample registration system?
The SRS is the country’s most steady source of demographic data. This system works by dual recording births and deaths in sample units that are spread across the nation. The SRS is released by the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs. The SRS was launched as a pilot in a few states of India in the year 1964-65. From 1969-70 the SRS became operational.
What are the functions of the SRS?
Annual estimates are given by the SRS. The estimates are on:
- Composition of population
- medical attention during birth or death
What are the highlights of this report?
- The report has highlighted that the life expectancy at birth in the country has increased after 10 years.
- The life expectancy is still below 72.6, the global average.
- Data has shown that the high rate of infant and under-five mortality can be a reason could be one of the reasons that the country’s life expectancy is not increasing.
- Life expectancy gap is the highest in larger states such as Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, where the infant mortality rate (IMR) is the highest. The highest IMR rate is in Madhya Pradesh (43). Uttar Pradesh has recorded the second-highest rate (38)
- There is a gap between birth life expectancy and year one life expectancy in states such as Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Assam, and Odisha.
What does the report say about Life expectancy at birth?
In India, life expectancy at birth has risen by 20 years to 69.7 in 2015-2019 from 49.7 in 1970-75. Odisha recorded the maximum increase to 69.8 from 45.7. Tamil Nadu comes in second with an increase to 72.6 from 49.6. The lowest-ranked state is Uttar Pradesh with an increase to 65.6 from 43. UP is second in the lowest life expectancy charts and follows Chhattisgarh.
What does the report say about the Urban and Rural divide?
The report has highlighted that there is a huge divide in life expectancy at birth in the Rural and Urban areas of the country. The urban areas of Himachal Pradesh have the highest life expectancy with 82.3 years. The lowest life expectancy has been recorded in the rural areas of Chhattisgarh with 62.8 years. In Assam, the gap between urban and rural areas is 8 years. Himachal Pradesh has a gap of 5 years. Kerala’s rural life expectancy is higher than urban life expectancy making it the only state to gain such a record. In Jharkhand and Bihar, male life expectancy is greater than women in both regions.