Swarnim Vijay Mashaal

India celebrates December 16 every year as Vijay Diwas to commemorate its victory over Pakistan during the 1971 war. It was the war of Bangladesh’s liberation from Pakistan.

Key Points for UPSC Prelims

  • India has planned to celebrate the 50th anniversary year celebrations of India’s victory over Pakistan in the year 2021, as ‘Swarnim Vijay Varsh’ (Golden victory year).
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi lit the flaming torch- ‘Swarnim Vijay Mashaal’ at the National War Memorial, marking the beginning of the 50th anniversary year celebrations.
  • Four victory flaming torches will be carried to various parts of India, including to the villages of the awardees of Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra, of the 1971 war.
  • As per the Defence Ministry, Soil from the villages of these awardees and from areas where major battles were fought in 1971 is being brought to the National War Memorial.

India-Pakistan War 1971

It was a war between India- Pakistan that led to the formation of Bangladesh. The entry of India during liberation movements in the then East Pakistan came after aerial attacks on 11 Indian air stations. It is considered the shortest war in history which just lasted for 13 days. It began on December 3, 1971, and ended on December 16, 1971, with the surrender of the Pakistan Army.

As a result of the surrender of the Pakistani Army, Bangladesh became the 4th most populous Muslim country in the world on 16 December 1971. After this, Mujibur Rahman became the first president of Bangladesh in the year 1972.

India-Bangladesh Relations

The bilateral relations between India and Bangladesh are very amiable. Recently, India and Bangladesh have reopened the Chilahati-Haldibari rail link that was closed in the year. This rail link was inaugurated in a virtual summit that was attended by PM Modi and Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina.

A digital exhibition on Mahatma Gandhi and a commemorative stamp on Sheikh Mujibur Rahman were also launched during the summit.

Written by IAS POINT

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