Though the Government of India Act, 1919 proposed some radical administrative changes, it remained short of fulfilling aspirations of Indians. Elaborate.
Montagu – Chelmsford reforms introduced the Government of India Act 1919 as the “carrot” of their carrot and stick policy. These were based on Montagu’s statement about developing self-government in India.
Radical Administrative changes in GOI Act 1919
- Introduction of dyarchy at the provincial level. It meant that for transferred subjects, ministers could be held accountable and removed by a no-confidence motion.
- Women were given the right to vote for the first time.
- The provincial budget was made separate from the central budget, highlighting their growing autonomy.
- Provision for Public Service Commission for recruitment to administrative services.
Shortcomings in the GOI Act 1919
- No real devolution of powers at the provincial level and frequent conflicts due to dyarchy.
- Nonresponsible government at the central level.
- The governor-general retained the powers of veto and ordinances.
- States’ representation in assembly is based on their relative importance.
Thus the GOI Act 1919 was criticized for falling short of the aspirations of Indians in the Indian National Congress Bombay session under Hasan Imam.