Understanding the International Solar Alliance (ISA): Objectives, Significance and Importance for IAS Exam

The International Solar Alliance (ISA) is a treaty-based intergovernmental organization that aims to work towards the efficient consumption of solar energy and reducing dependence on fossil fuels. Comprising of 123 signatory countries, mostly sunshine countries that lie between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, the ISA was first proposed by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a speech in November 2015. The initiative was launched at the India Africa Summit and a meeting of member countries ahead of the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris.

Objective of ISA

  • The primary objective of the ISA is to work towards the efficient consumption of solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. The alliance is committed to three near-term objectives:
  • Develop integrated solar or solar hybrid based cold chain solutions that bring economic value to farmers and producers, and include the post-harvest in-field technologies that can secure an extended shelf-life of perishable items
  • Encourage the use of sustainable, low global warming potential solar-based cooling technologies through financing and incentives for small- and medium-sized farms
  • Promote applied research and industry engagement to introduce affordable refrigeration solutions for small- and medium-sized producers with special emphasis on post-harvest processing facilities and transportation

Launch of ISA

  • The ISA was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India and Former President François Hollande of France. The initiative was launched at the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris on 30th November 2015.
  • The ISA aims to provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar resource-rich countries and the wider global community. This includes bilateral and multilateral organizations, industry, and other stakeholders to support the increasing use of solar energy.

Membership

  • Seventy-three countries have signed and 50 countries have signed and ratified the ISA Framework Agreement. Countries that do not fall within the Tropics can join the alliance and enjoy all benefits as other members, with the exception of voting rights.

Significance

  • The ISA is significant because it aims to support the increasing use of solar energy, which is a cleaner and renewable energy source. It also aims to promote applied research and industry engagement to introduce affordable refrigeration solutions, which can benefit small- and medium-sized producers, especially in post-harvest processing facilities and transportation.

Importance for IAS Exam

  • The topic 'International Solar Alliance' comes under Mains GS-II and is important for IAS Exam. It highlights the initiative taken by the Government of India to promote the use of solar energy and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

Synopsis

The International Solar Alliance (ISA) is a treaty-based intergovernmental organization that aims to work towards the efficient consumption of solar energy and reducing dependence on fossil fuels. With its near-term objectives, the ISA aims to promote the use of solar energy, applied research, and affordable refrigeration solutions. It is an initiative that is important for the IAS Exam and highlights the Government of India's efforts towards promoting cleaner and renewable energy sources.

Written by IAS POINT

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