What are FISH CRYOBANKS?

The National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBFGR)  has reported on September 21, 2020 that Fish sperm cryobanking technology is undergoing field level validation. It has shown a potential to improve fish seed quality. The Fish sperm cryobanking technology is in experimental stage currently. The establishment of the fish cryobanks for fish seed production will be finalised only after experimental attempts has been completed.

Fish Cryobanks

  • The National Fish Development Board (NFDB) and the  National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources(NBFGR) will work together to establish Fish Cryobanks in different parts of the country.
  • The cryobanks would facilitate  availability of fish sperm of desired species to fish farmers all time.
  • This would be the first time in the world when Fish Cryobank will be established.

Signifiance

The cryobanks can bring a revolutionary change in the fisheries sector for enhancing the fish production and productivity.  This would also be increasing prosperity among the fish farmers.

Technology used

Cryomilt technology has been developed by the NBFGR and  NFDB which will be helpful in establishing the Fish Cryobanks.

ICAR-NBFGR

ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (ICAR-NBFGR) is working since 1983 under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.  It does the research related to the conservation of fish germplasm resources in the country.

National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB)

NFDC was established in 2006. It is as an autonomous organization under the Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India. It works with an objective to enhance fish production and productivity in the country. It also coordinate with the fishery development in an integrated manner.

Other Initiatives to encourage fishery sector

1. Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampadan Yojana (PMMSY)

 PMMSY has been launched with a vision to double the farmer’s income. This scheme addresses the  gaps in fish production and productivity,  technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, quality, modernisation and strengthening of value chain and fishermen’s welfare.

2. National Fish Farmers Day

It is celebrated in remembrance of scientists Dr. K. H. Alikunhi and Dr. H.L. Chaudhury  who demonstrated the technology of induced breeding (Hypophysation) in 1957.  The event is celebrated on 10th July every year with an aims to draw attention to change the way the country manages fisheries resources in order to ensure sustainable stocks and healthy ecosystems.