What are Indian Neutrino Observatories that GOI plans to set up?

The Union Minister of state of North Eastern region Dr Jitendra Singh said on September 21, 2020  that around 21 neutrino observatory will be set up in the country.

Key Facts

  • According to the information provided by the Minister following observatory would be set up:
    1. Six observatories in Karnataka
    1. Four observatories in Uttarakhand.
    2. One observatory in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Meghalaya. Maharashtra, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Puducherry, and the Andaman and Nicobar Island.

Indian Neutrino Observatory (INO) project

INO Project has been launched with an aim to build a world-class underground laboratory having a rock cover around it in order to conduct basic research on neutrino. The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research is the nodal agency for implementing the project. The construction would jointly be done by the department of Science and Technology and Department of Atomic Energy and would be operated by the Indian Institute of geomagnetism.

Objectives

  • Observatory would provide information about the properties of Neutrino particles.
  • It would also study about the neutrino particles from the Sun and from the earth’s atmosphere.

Concerns

Explosions, blasts and vibrations from the construction will affected the ecological system of  Western Ghats and in other regions since the observatory is being constructed underground.

Neutrino

It is a tiny elementary particle but not a part of the atom. Though it is similar to electron but It has a tiny mass and have no charge. These are the most abundant particles in universe. Since they interacts with other particles negligibly, it is difficult to detect them.