While Port-led Development in India Has Numerous Advantages, It Is Being Held Back by a Number of Constraints. Discuss.

India has a 7500 km long coastline and 14500 km long inland waterways system. It has a huge potential for transportation and can be a gamechanger. However, this immense potential has largely remained untapped and underutilized. There are several advantages of water transportation.


  • Less maintenance cost, cheaper, efficient, and less polluting mode of transportation.
  • It provides better connectivity between coastal areas and markets.
  • Ease of international trade and export.
  • It can help in National integration by boosting regional connectivity.
  • It can ease pressure on roadways.
  • Boost the blue economy.


  • Technology is not available.
  • Dredging is a problem that needs international cooperation.
  • The problem of siltation reduced water flow due to diversion in inland waterways.
  • The interlinking of rivers causes several federal issues and environmental threats. Also, there is an issue of judicial activism in this regard.
  • Insufficient focus by the government and neglect in the planning process.
  • Infrastructure bottlenecks and associated financing issues.

The government’s policy of Matsya Sampada Yojna and Sagarmala project is set to give a new life to the blue economy. It will also help in increasing farmer incomes. Also, the interlinking of rivers is in progress. These steps will propel India on this path.


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