While Port-led Development in India Has Numerous Advantages, It Is Being Held Back by a Number of Constraints. Discuss.
India has a 7500 km long coastline and 14500 km long inland waterways system. It has a huge potential for transportation and can be a gamechanger. However, this immense potential has largely remained untapped and underutilized. There are several advantages of water transportation.
- Less maintenance cost, cheaper, efficient, and less polluting mode of transportation.
- It provides better connectivity between coastal areas and markets.
- Ease of international trade and export.
- It can help in National integration by boosting regional connectivity.
- It can ease pressure on roadways.
- Boost the blue economy.
- Technology is not available.
- Dredging is a problem that needs international cooperation.
- The problem of siltation reduced water flow due to diversion in inland waterways.
- The interlinking of rivers causes several federal issues and environmental threats. Also, there is an issue of judicial activism in this regard.
- Insufficient focus by the government and neglect in the planning process.
- Infrastructure bottlenecks and associated financing issues.
The government’s policy of Matsya Sampada Yojna and Sagarmala project is set to give a new life to the blue economy. It will also help in increasing farmer incomes. Also, the interlinking of rivers is in progress. These steps will propel India on this path.