Why Amnesty International quits India Operations?
Rights group Amnesty International has halted its operations in India after alleging a “witch-hunt” by the government.
What is the issue?
- The group said, It is being targeted over its adverse reports on alleged rights violations during the February Delhi riots and in Jammu and Kashmir after the abrogation of Article 370. The group also had to cut off its staff since its accounts were frozen as per the direction government.
- While, the government said that the global rights watchdog was receiving foreign funds illegally and it was never registered under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act.
FDI in the NGO
Foreign direct investment for the Non Government Organizations (NGOs) is highly regulated. The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) is the regulatory body that regulate the foreign funding for NGO’s in India. Currently, 30,000 Indian NGO’s are registered with the FCRA to get the foreign funding.
Under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, NGO’s need to meet following criteria’s to receive foreign funding:
- NGO must be registered under the Companies Act (1956-2013) and Societies Registration Act (1860).
- NGO must be in active operation for three years.
- NGO should not have parent company already registered under the FCRA.
- NGO must not have any foreigner on the board.
- NGO also must have spent at least rs. 10,00,000 over the last three years.
About Amnesty International (AI)
Amnesty International is a non-governmental organization. Amnesty International was founded in London in 1961. It has been headquartered in the United Kingdom that is mainly focused on human rights across the world. It has more than eight million members and supporters across the world.
The primary mission of the organization is to create a world where every person enjoy all the human rights that have been enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international human rights instruments. It draws attention to human rights abuses and campaigns for it. The organization has also been awarded the 1977 Nobel Peace Prize for its “defence of human dignity against torture” campaign.