World Heart Day being celebrated on September 29, 2020

September 29 is observed as World Heart Day. It is an initiative by the World Heart Federation. It is observed in order to spread awareness about cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart disease and stroke.

Key Facts

  • The day is aimed at drawing people’s attention to heart ailments and the associated health issues.
  • The initiative was launched in 2000 by the World Heart Federation.
  • It is as an annual event and is celebrated on 29th day of September since then.
  • World Heart Day is also commemorated to promote different preventative steps and changes in lifestyle in order to avoid cardiovascular diseases including the heart attack, stroke, heart failure and any other related condition.

WHO estimates on CVDs

The World Health Organization estimates that over 17.9 million people die of CVDs every year. This accounts for over 31% of global deaths. One-third of these deaths are premature that is below 70 years of age. About 80 % of the CVDs turns into heart attacks or strokes. WHO also estimate that 75 % cases come from low and middle-income countries.

CVD cases in India

As per the Lancet report of September 2018, CVDs contributed to around 28 %  of the total deaths In India in 2016 as compared to 15.2 % in 1990. As per the report, the CVDs are more prevalent In Punjab, Kerala and Tamil Nadu where it accounts for at least 5000 per 100,000 people. The report further states, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh are the only states where  prevalence of CVDs is less than 3,000 per 100,000 people. Overall, In India, the prevalence of CVDs accounts for around 54.5 million.

Preventive Policy

India’s National Health Policy 2017 has been launched with an aim to reduce premature mortality from CVDs, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases to 25% by 2025.

World Heart Federation

The World Heart Federation is a non governmental organisation. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.