World Maritime Day is Being observed on September 24.
The World Maritime Day is observed on September 24 by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and other international organizations . The day is celebrated on the last Thursday of the September every year. Theme for this year is Sustainable Shipping for a Sustainable Planet.
- The World Maritime Day was celebrated for the first time in March 1978.
- It was first celebrated to mark the IMO Convention.
As per the reports of UNCTAD, around 80% of global trade by volume and 70% of global trade by value are carried through sea and handled by ports worldwide. These shares stands more higher in the Developing countries. More than 50,000 merchant ships operate for trading internationally. They are involved in transporting every kind of cargo and are manned by more than a million seafarers. So the day is significant as it spread awareness about the importance of shipping safety, marine environment and maritime security.
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
IMO is an agency of the United Nations which is responsible for regulating the shipping. It was established in 1948 and came into force in 1959. It is headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It has 171 member and 3 associate members. India joined IMO as member-state in 1959. Its main function is to develop and maintain a regulatory framework for shipping.
National Maritime Day
India also celebrates its National Maritime Day which is observed on April 5 every year. It was first celebrated in 1964.
Maritime Initiatives involving India
- The Indo-Pacific Initiative– India has adopted this initiative to ensure a safe and secure Indian and the Pacific ocean. This is being achieved through partnerships among countries through marine resources. This initiative is supported by Australia, Japan and Thailand.
- Djibouti Code of Conduct– India recently became an observer of Djibouti Code of Conduct, established by International Maritime Organization. It works to repress the piracy and armed robbery against ships in Gulf of Aden and western Indian Ocean.