World Rabies Day: 28 September

World Rabies Day is observed on 28th September every year, globally. It is celebrated to raise awareness regarding the impact of rabies on humans and animals, to provide information and to advice preventive measures that is needed to cure the disease. The day also encourage people to take efforts in order to control rabies. This year, the day is being celebrated under the theme ‘End Rabies: Collaborate, Vaccinate’.

Key Facts

  • The theme for the 14th World Rabies Day focuses on vaccination and collaboration.
  • The day also commemorate the death anniversary of the French chemist and microbiologist, Louis Pasteur’. He was the first person to develop the first rabies vaccine.
  • The day was endorsed by Pan American Health Organization, World Organization for Animal Health, WHO and the USA Centers for disease control and prevention.
  • The first World Rabies Campaign took place in 2007.
  • It reached to more than 100 countries by 2009.
  • By the year 2009, message had reached to the 100 million people and some 3 million dogs were vaccinated.

Rabies in India

36% of rabies death in the world occur in India because of insufficient dog vaccines and lack of awareness. More than 20,000 people die of rabies in India every year. India has around 30 million stray dogs that leads to 96% of rabies in human. In this regard, India launched a National Rabies Control Programe. It has two components that include the animal component and the human component. Under the animal component, following measures are taken:

  1. Mass Vaccination of dogs
  2. Management of dog population
  3. Population survey of dogs

While, Under the human component, the following measures are taken:

  1. Laboratory strengthening
  2. Training of health professionals
  3. Strengthening of surveillance of human rabies

Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC)

The GARC was founded in 2007 and has been headquartered at Manhattan, Kansas, United States. Louis Nel is the current executive director of GARC. It aims at preventing human deaths from dog-mediated rabies. It has an objective of eliminating deaths from rabies by 2030, completely.