Rising Avian Influenza infection in Japan

The Agriculture ministry of Japan has informed that the japan has discovered the Avian influenza or Bird Flu in a fourth Japanese prefecture. The infection has surged at the poultry farms and it is being traced as worst outbreak since 2016 in Japan.

Highlights

  • Avian influenza has been detected at a poultry farm in Hyuga city on Honshu Island, Japan.
  • The data shows that, there is no probability of human contact with the bird flu from eating poultry or eggs.
  • Japan has slaughtered and buried around 40,000 chicken in every big farm.
  • This outbreak in Japan was started in September 2020.

What is Avian influenza?

Avian Influenza is a contagious viral disease. It affects birds like Chicken, Turkeys and Guinea fowl. They also infect mammals including humans on some occasion.

Most deadly influenza virus

The virus named H5N1 is considered as the most deadly influenza virus among all. This was the first Avian influenza virus that had infected humans. It was for the first time detected in Hong Kong in the year 1997. H5N1 virus transmits into humans when they come in contact with the infected bird faeces, secretion from the mouth or eyes or nasal secretions.

How the world fights with this virus?

The World Health Organisation (WHO) had came up with the Global Influenza Strategy, for the year 2019-30. The strategy has been aimed at controlling the spread of the virus and preventing the seasonal influenza. As per this strategy, every member state of the World Health Organisation are required to strengthen the routine health programmes. Under it, the WHO recommends the flu vaccines so as to prevent the spread of the disease. It further asks the members to develop more effective and accessible vaccines and antiviral treatment for the infection.