56th BSF Raising Day

India is observing today the 56th BSF raising day. On this occassion, Home Minister Amit Shah will saluted the Jawans of Border Security Force (BSF) for their service and dedication.

About Border Security Force (BSF)

BSF is the Primary border guarding organisation of the India on its border with Pakistan and Bangladesh. This guarding force was established on December 1, 1965 in the light of 1965 war. BSF was raised in order to ensure the security of the borders of India. Headquarter of the BSF is in New Delhi.

Function of BSF

  • It is a border guarding force that guards the land border of India with Pakistan and Bangladesh.
  • It guards the border during the peacetime and prevents the transnational crime.
  • It operates under the parent head of Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • The officers in BSF are taken from IPS at command and leadership levels.
  • Director-General (DG) is the head of BSF and it has always been an officer from the Indian Police Service (IPS).
  • BSF is currently the world’s largest border guarding force.
  • It acts as the First Line of Defense of Indian Territories.

Background

After India’s independence, the responsibility to protect India’s international boundaries was vested with the local police of each border state with support from the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).  But, the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 had exposed the inadequacy of the State Armed Police to fight against the armed aggression. In that light, government created the Border Security Force as a unified central agency to guard the international borders.