Anti-Satellite Missile system model inaugurated at DRDO.
The Defence Minister if India, Shri Raj Nath Singh, inaugurated an anti-Satellite Missile System at Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) headquarter at New Delhi on November 9, 2020. The DRDO had successfully conducted the test of anti-satellite missile at Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha.
Anti-Satellite Weapon (ASAT system)
The ASAT weapon of system was designed in order to destroy satellites for military purposes. However, system has not been used in the warfare yet. The countries that posses and demonstrated the ASAT technologies include India, China, US and Russia.
ASAT Test in India
India conducted the test of Anti-Satellite weapon in 2019 under the “Operation Shakti”. The test used the interceptor called Prithvi Defence Vehicle Mark II for its successful operation. This interceptor was developed under the Indian Ballistic Missile Programme. Prithvi Defence Vehicle Mark II was a modified anti-ballistic missile and was developed under Project XSV-1. The missile successfully fired a test satellite at 283 kilometres in the low earth orbit. The Target Satellite for the test was Microsat-R. It was built for military purpose. However, the ASAT test was criticized for creating space debris.
Indian Ballistic Missile Programme
This programme was introduced to counter the ballistic missile threat from China and Pakistan. Under the programme, the development of anti-ballistic missiles began in 1999. In phase 1 of the programme, some 40 private and public companies were involved in the development of the ASAT system. DRDO floating test range was developed to test the missile in phase 2 of the programme.
Floating Test Range
The floating test range is a ship designed and developed by DRDO. The ship serves as a testing range for the missiles. It has been equipped with Electro-optical missile tracking system, telemetry systems and S-band radars. It carries the missile control centre, launch pad and the launch control centre.