Bureau of Indian Standards
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is a statutory body established under Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986. It works under Ministry of Food and Public Distribution. It was established for the development of standardisation activities and for quality certification of goods.
Key Facts for UPSC Examination
- Under BIS Act, 2016, the BIS was established as the National Standards Body of India.
- There are 25 members in the body. They are appointed from research institutions, central and state governments, consumer organisations, industries, etc.
- The headquarters of BIS is located in New Delhi.
- The BIS works as the WTO-TBT enquiry point of India. WTO-TBT is World Trade Organisation-agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade. It is an international treaty administered by WTO. The treaty ensures technical standards, regulations, testing, procedures and certification.
Indian Standards Act, 2016
It included the following new features to the BIS:
- The functions of BIS will be performed by Governing Council.
- It included goods and services to be certified by BIS besides articles and processes.
- To implement mandatory hallmarking of precious metals
- It allows Self Declaration of Conformity against any standard
Organisations under BIS
National Institute of Training for Standardisation (NITS) operates under BIS. The main functions of NITS are open training programme for industries, its employees and international training programme for developing countries. It also includes small scale industry facilitation cell. It assists the small-scale entrepreneurs. It has a scheme under which small scale entrepreneurs are encouraged to get certified with ISI. It has collaboration with international bodies such as International Organisation for Standardisation, World Standards Service Network and International Electrotechnical Commission.
It provides product certifications for Indian manufacturers. For certain products such as LPG cylinders, milk powder, drinking water, the certification from BIS is mandatory. The Indian Government has made it mandatory for certain foreign products to get certified by BIS. Basically, it performs standard formulation and promotion. Also, it provides product certification for Indian manufacturers, Indian importers and foreign manufacturers.
National Building Code of India, 2005
The BIS certifies building activities based on the code. This is mainly for construction activities across the country.