Kerala withdraws general consent accorded to CBI to probe cases.

The Left-ruled Kerala State has decided to withdraw the general consent given to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to probe cases on November 4, 2020. With this decision the state joined a list of non-BJP ruled states such as Maharashtra and West Bengal to have similar move.


  • Kerala became the fifth state after Maharashtra, West Bengal, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh to withdraw the general consent.
  • The decision to withdraw general consent was taken at a cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan.

What is the general consent accorded to CBI?

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is governed by the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act. Under this act, the consent of a state government becomes mandatory to conduct an investigation in that state. CBI has jurisdiction only over central government departments and employees. It can investigate a case involving state government employees in a given state only after getting the consent from the state government.

When CBI needs the Consent?

The CBI usually needs the General consent to seamlessly conduct its investigation into cases of corruption against central government employees in the concerned states. Almost all the states have given this general consent.

What this withdrawal mean?

After the withdrawal, the CBI would not be able to register any fresh case involving a central government official or any private person working in the states. In order to conduct the investigations, the CBI would have to get the case-specific consent. It means, the CBI officers would lose all powers of a police officer after they will enter the state. They would enjoy their powers only after state government will allow them.