NITI Aayog Report: “Faecal Sludge and Septage Management in Urban Areas”

NITI Aayog has recently released a report in the form of a book on faecal sludge and septage management in urban areas. The book was released by the CEO of NITI Aayog Amitabh Kant, NITI Aayog Additional Secretary K. Rajeswara Rao, and MoHUA Secretary Durga Shankar Mishra.

Key Points

  • This book on “faecal sludge and septage management in urban areas” has been jointly developed by the Aayog along with the National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (NFSSM) Alliance.
  • The book includes 27 case studies that describe different service and business models adopted by Indian cities across 10 states while implementing faecal sludge and septage management (FSSM) initiatives.
  • The book also acts as a repository for best faecal sludge and septage management practices that can be adapted.
  • Over 7 million toilets have been built under the Swachh Bharat Mission.
  • As the Open-Defecation-Free target has been achieved, the government is moving towards the improvement of public health outcomes through the next targets: ODF+ and ODF++.
  • The national policy on FSSM was introduced in the year 2017 by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • As per the report, around 60% of urban households rely on onsite sanitation systems. Thus dedicated planning is required for the management of waste collected in these systems.
  • Thus, FSSM planning focuses on human excreta management. The planning strategies involve transportation, emptying, safe disposal of waste, treatment, and possible reuse of output products post-treatment.
  • NFSSM Alliance has worked with states on different policies, models across sanitation with an aim of effective waste management.
  • The models included in this book will help other states to implement similar models and work towards achieving 100% effective management of faecal sludge and septage in the country in the next 5 years.

This report has been published to help municipal functionaries, city managers, elected representatives, private-sector players, and state decision-makers in understanding the developments in FSSM and what can be done further.