WHO Global Report on Sodium Intake Reduction
The WHO Global Report on Sodium Intake Reduction highlights the significance of reducing salt intake to improve population health outcomes. The report assesses the progress of various countries towards reducing sodium intake and achieving the Sustainable Development Goal target.
Sodium Country Score:
The report allocates a sodium country score to each member state to estimate the impact of policy progress on population dietary sodium intake and cardiovascular disease. The score ranges from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating more progress towards reducing sodium intake.
Importance of Reducing Salt Intake:
Reducing salt intake is identified as one of the most cost-effective measures that countries can take to improve population health outcomes. High salt intake is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and stroke.
Impact of WHO Recommended Policies:
The report states that the WHO recommended policies to reduce sodium intake can prevent 2 million deaths by 2025 and 7 million deaths by 2030. These policies include reducing salt in processed foods, implementing consumer education programs, and setting targets for salt reduction.
However, the report reveals that the world is not on track to achieve the global target of reducing sodium intake by 30% by 2025. Many countries have not yet implemented the WHO recommended policies, and others have made limited progress.
One of the challenges in reducing sodium intake is the high salt content in processed foods. The food industry needs to be encouraged to reduce the salt content in their products, and consumers need to be educated about the health risks associated with high salt intake.
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