Affordable Rental Housing Complexes Scheme

The Indian government has launched the Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHCs) scheme under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Urban (PMAY-U) to provide affordable rental housing to urban migrants and the poor, particularly those living close to their workplaces. The scheme aims to create a conducive ecosystem for public and private entities to invest in rental housing.

Sub-scheme Details:

  • The ARHC scheme is implemented through two models. Model 1 involves the conversion of existing government-funded vacant houses into ARHCs through public-private partnerships or by public agencies.
  • Model 2 involves the construction, operation, and maintenance of ARHCs by public or private entities on their available vacant land.

Parliamentary Panel Recommendations:

  • A parliamentary panel has requested the government to clarify how many of the 66 proposals received under the ARHC scheme have been approved by local urban bodies.
  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation had informed Parliament that 66 proposals had been received from public and private entities for the construction of 102,019 units in 18 states and union territories, which were being evaluated by respective urban local bodies and were in the process of getting necessary approvals.
  • The parliamentary committee on assurances of the Rajya Sabha has stated in its report submitted on December 21, 2022 that the implementation report from the ministry did not clearly mention how many proposals had been approved.
  • The committee has recommended that the ministry proactively complete the construction of affordable pro-poor rental houses under the ARHC scheme and furnish a revised implementation report with details of the number of proposals received from public and private entities for the construction of 102,019 units in 18 states and union territories that have been approved.

The reverse migration during the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the harsh realities faced by millions of invisibles living in cities, who are an integral part of the urban economy but have no place in urban planning and housing programs. Schemes like the ARHCs can provide hope and instill faith in the country's governance for these individuals.

Written by IAS POINT

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