BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Under this mission, two satellites Â– Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter Â– were launched together to conduct comprehensive research on Mercury. The mission was launched in 2018 on board an Ariane 5 rocket.
Both the satellites are expected to reach Mercury, the closest planet to the Sun, by the end of 2025. It will conduct a flyby of Earth, two flybys of Venus and six flybys of Mercury. The mission will be passing the Venus at an altitude of just 550 km on August 10.