BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Under this mission, two satellites ? Mercury Planetary Orbiter and Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter ? were launched together to conduct comprehensive research on Mercury. The mission was launched in 2018 on board an Ariane 5 rocket.
Both the satellites are expected to reach Mercury, the closest planet to the Sun, by the end of 2025. It will conduct a flyby of Earth, two flybys of Venus and six flybys of Mercury. The mission will be passing the Venus at an altitude of just 550 km on August 10.
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