Chang’e-5 is a Chinese Lunar Exploration Program consisting of an orbiter, a lander and a returner that was launched in November last year and landed on the near side of the Moon in December 1. The successful return of samples from Moon by this mission made China the third country to return samples after the United States and Soviet Union.
90 per cent of the materials collected by Chang’e-5 are mare basalt – a volcanic rock visible from the Earth as the darker areas that spilled over much of the nearside of the Moon. The rest of the materials are distinctive, with “exotic” chemical compositions. These may provide clue on rocks that have hit the Moon’s surface.