China started Importing Rice from India
China has started importing rice from India for the first time. This move has come in three decades for the first time amid the India-china border tensions.
Why China started importing rice after three decades?
- China had stopped importing rice because of tightening supplies from its traditional exporters.
- China also has raised the quality issues with the Indian rice.
- Now, it has started importing after India gave an offer of sharply discounted prices.
- Further, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar and Pakistan are some traditional rice exporters to China. But, they have limited surplus supplies for export.
- Also, These countries were charging at least $30 per tonne more compared with Indian prices.
- India is the biggest exporter of Rice in the world While China is the biggest importer.
- China imports around 4 million tonnes of rice annually.
- Traders in India have contracted to export 100,000 tonnes of broken rice in December -February shipments. This is cost at $300 per tonne.
Rice export from India
India is the biggest exporters of rice in the world. It is the top exporter of the Basmati Rice in the global market. In the year 2018-2019, India had exported around 4.4 million metric tons of Basmati rice. This is cost at USD 4.7 billion.
States producing Basmati Rice
The states having highest areas of Basmati rice under production include- Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, Uttarakhand and Western Uttar Pradesh.
Export of Non Basmati rice
Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) defines non-basmati rice as any rice other than Basmati Rice. In 2018-19, India had exported 7.5 million metric tons of Non-Basmati rice. This is cost at USD 3 billion. India had exported non-basmati rice to the countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, Senegal, Benin, Bangladesh and Guinea.
Rice production in India
India is one amongst largest producers of rice in the world. It produces white rice and brown rice. Rice is grown mostly in the eastern and southern parts of India. The Production of rice has increased over time. By the year 1992, rice production in India had reached about 181 kg per person. India stood after China having rice production of about 182 kg per person. Increasing production was the result of its increasing yield.