Climate change- US officially withdraws from Paris agreement.

The United States has become the first nation in the world to officially withdraw from the Paris climate agreement on November 4, 2020.

Highlights

President Trump had announced the move to quit the Paris-Climate deal in June 2017. But UN this decision came into effect from November 4, 2020,  the day after the US election was held.

However, The US could re-join the climate deal in future if the President choose to do so.

Paris Climate deal

The Paris climate deal was drafted in 2015 in order to strengthen the global response towards the threat of climate change. The deal is aimed at keeping the global temperature rise for this century below 2 degree Celsius above the pre-industrial levels.  It also seeks to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degree Celsius.

Why it took three years to withdraw?

The delay in the withdrawal is because of the complex rules made under the Paris agreement so that future US President Could not withdraw from the deal. The complex rules were made in the light that previous attempts to put together a global pact on climate change had failed  because of internal US politics. The Clinton administration could not secure Senate backing for the Kyoto Protocol of 1997. So, President Obama’s negotiators ensured that it would take time for the US to get out in case there was a change in leadership.

What will be the impact of withdrawal?

The biggest and the most powerful economy of the world, US,  represents around 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions. SO, the powerful economy withdrawing from the deal on a global solution to a global problem raises questions of trust.