Constitution Day

On 26th November every year the Constitution Day is celebrated and it is also known as National Law Day or Samvidhan Divas. This day is celebrated to commemorate India’s adoption of the Constitution. The Indian Constitution was adopted on 26th November in the year 1949. Since the Constitution came into force on 26th January, 1950, the country celebrates Republic Day on 26th January every year.

Highlights

With the Constitution of India passed on this day in the year 1949 and entered into force on 26th January, 1950, 26 November has its own significance in the history of independent India. Therefore, this day marked the beginning of a new era. November 26th is celebrated as “Constitution Day” to appreciate the contributions of the drafters of the Constitution and to teach people about their values.

In the year 2015, Constitution Day was declared and was done to mark the 125th birthday of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. This announcement was made when Prime Minister Modi laid a stone for Mumbai’s Staue of Equality. Constitution Day is celebrated to honor the man and doctor who drafted the Constitution of India Dr. Ambedkar. He is also known as the father of the Indian Constitution.

Celebrations held on this day

On this day, India does not celebrate the glorious festival. However, the observation method differs depending on the location. The preamble to the Constitution is usually read at school. Quiz and essay contests are held in both offline and online modes. Lectures on the essential characteristics of the Constitution are given at school.

About National Law Day

Observed to assess the rule of law and justice in the state. This helps strengthen the country’s judicial system. On this day, the professional freedom of lawyers is celebrated. For this reason, Constitution Day is also designated as National Law Day. Until the year 1979, National Law Day was not celebrated. The Supreme Court Bar Association, led by Dr. L. M. Singhvi, had proposed that 26th November be celebrated as National Law Day.

About Constitution of India

The Constitution of India declares India as a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic that seeks to guarantee the justice, equality and freedom of its citizens and promote brotherhood. The preamble was amended by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act in 1976, adding three new words: socialism, secularity, and honesty. The Constitution of India describes the basic political norms, structures, procedures, powers and obligations of government agencies. It also describes basic rights, guidelines principles, and citizens’ obligations. The Constitution of India is the world’s longest constitution and it took about 2 years, 11 months and 17 days to draft the constitution by the Drafting Committee of the Constitutional Assembly.